The Green principles of social justice and sustainability bear on public finance policy. Accordingly, it is the policy of the Green Party of Alberta to avoid incurring debt that would limit the ability of future generations of Albertans to meet their needs. We understand that, in the course of normal economic cycles, there will be years when government has to incur debt to maintain services, but believe that should be balanced by running surpluses in the positive side of the cycle.
Over the past thirty years, Alberta has gone through wide swings of surpluses and deficits, accompanied by episodes of extravagant spending and brutal retrenchment, because of our overdependence on revenue from petroleum royalties. We have currently run deficits in eight of the past ten budgets. The present government has taken this to a new level, projecting a $10.3 billion operating deficit for 2017-18. This is in addition to $6.0 B in borrowing for capital projects. Total annual revenue is expected to cover only 81% of operating costs.
The NDP government has no plans to reduce expenditures and no apparent strategy to increase revenues, other than to hope for a return to $100 oil. The UCP opposition denounces the deficit, but offers no solution other than cutting expenditures. The GPA believes that there is some opportunity for reducing expenditures, given that Alberta’s expenditures on a per capita basis are higher than in the three other large provinces, but that an across the board cut of 19% would have an unacceptably crippling effect on government services.
The obvious means to close the deficit gap is to find an alternative source of revenue, and the obvious source is a sales tax, as independent economists consistently point out. It is time for Alberta to start acting like a normal province and bring in a sales tax. A five per cent tax, harmonized to the GST, would bring in something in excess of $5B per year, and go a long way to closing the budget gap.
Alberta is not yet in serious debt trouble. Our projected year-end debt/GDP ratio is .138, the lowest of all the provinces. But we need to get our finances in order before we are in trouble, and to start weaning ourselves from oil and gas royalties, which will inevitably decline as fossil fuels are phased out.